What is Insomnia? How can it affect Your Sleep?
Insomnia is a sleep disorder in which the patient feels difficulty falling asleep. People who have insomnia feel these symptoms,
- Problem in sleep
- Walking up in the night after regular intervals
- Waking up too early in the morning
- Feeling tired during daily activities
Insomnia is of two kinds, one is primary insomnia, and the other is secondary insomnia
- Primary Insomnia – Primary insomnia is a condition in which a person feels trouble in sleep that is not directly associated with any other health condition or problem.
- Secondary Insomnia – In secondary insomnia, a person can experience sleeping problems because of something else; these conditions can be asthma, depression, arthritis, heartburn, or cancer.
Chronic Insomnia and Acute Insomnia
Insomnia effects can vary from people to people; it also depends on how long it lasts and how often it occurs. Insomnia can be short-term to long-term. In acute insomnia, you may feel sleeping problems from one night to several weeks. Insomnia can be dangerous and chronic when a person has insomnia at least three nights week for a month or longer.
A person can experience insomnia due to many reasons, which include:
- Emotional discomfort
- Physical discomfort
- Medications used in the treatment of allergy, colds, depression, high blood pressure and asthma
- Environmental facts such as extreme temperature, light, excessive noise, extreme cold
Some Primary causes of depression include:
Some common causes of chronic insomnia are:
- Stress – Concern about health, finance, school, or work can keep your mind activated whole night
- Travel schedule – Disturbing the schedule of your body can disturb you. Change in working shifts can also cause a considerable impact
- Poor sleeping habits – In this, a person never stick to a schedule, irregular sleeping schedule and stimulating activities before sleep, uncomfortable sleep environment can cause insomnia
- Overeating in the evening – Light snack before bedtime is excellent, but if you overeat before going to bed, you may feel uncomfortable and disturb whole night.
Some signs and symptoms may include:
- General tiredness
- Sleepiness during day time
- Problems with concentration
- Memory problems
If you are having the same symptoms just like insomnia, you should consult your doctor. Your doctor may do a physical exam, or check your medical history. They may also interview your partner and question them about your sleep quality and quantity. Your doctor can refer you to a sleep center for your sleeping tests.
If you have secondary insomnia, first you need to know the underlying medical condition that is causing sleeping problems. Sometimes your sleep can better by just changing the lifestyle.
You can use medications to treat insomnia and to get uninterrupted sleep but bear in mind that sleeping pills should never be used more than ten days consecutively. Sometimes, your doctor may prescribe you some sleeping medicines in this time you will adjust your lifestyle according to the doctor’s plan. You can also buy sleeping pills online to treat insomnia. You will not need the prescription of the doctor to purchase this medication.
Behavioral therapy can also help you to increase your sleep quality and quantity. Your therapist will give you a plan for several months in which you will learn to change your behavior.
- This behavioral treatment may include:
- Sleep restrictions
- Relaxation therapy
- Sleeping schedule
- Stimulus control
Remember that if you join behavioral therapy, you’ll feel more and long-term benefits than using medication.
On average a normal sleep amount for an adult is considered to be around seven to nine hours. However, babies can sleep more than adults.
You can also help yourself to improve sleep time by:
- Setting a regular time to going to bed
- Relax before bed, may take a warm bath or listen to calming music
- Avoid caffeine and alcohol and a heavy meal before going to bed
- Not using screens like mobile, TV, and laptop before going to bed
A lot of people have a sleeping disorder, but they don’t know how to get rid of it. By using different techniques, you can get your uninterrupted sleep again.
Approximately, every person experiences this problem at least once in life. But your risk of insomnia can be increased if you’re:
- Women – the Sleeping problem is common in pregnancy. Women have more chance of experiencing insomnia
- Over 60 – Risk of insomnia might worse with age
- Under stress – Stress can make you angry and rude. Stress and accidents can cause temporary insomnia
- Not stick to a schedule – Change in work shifts and traveling or not adhering to a proper plan can increase the risk of insomnia.
Insomnia can also be treated without medication. Your lifestyle plays a major role to treat the sleeping disorder.
For any health-related query, you can refer – Dixit Health Learning