A migraine Headache is a condition when people feel intense and pounding pain in a particular area of the brain. Migraine pain is the result of specific changes in the brain. Migraine pain is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound. Signs and symptoms of Migraine are varying from person to person and from stage to stage.
According to an expert migraine occurs because of expansion of blood vessels and release of chemicals which cause inflammation and pain.
There are mainly two chemicals (Dopamine and Serotonin) are involved in a migraine. These two chemicals are normally found in the brain but if it present in abnormal it causes the problem.
According to National Headache Foundation Migraine is more common in women than men. It is also found that 70% to 80% of people having migraine had the family history.
According to Migraine Research Foundation, 12% population has migraine problem. A migraine is the 6th disability illness in the world.
Signs and Symptoms of Migraine
Signs and symptoms of a migraine vary from person to person and stage to stage.
There are five phases of a migraine and each having some or more different symptoms-
1.Prodrome – Prodrome is a phase of a migraine when people complain about many problems before a migraine. There are many symptoms has been observed during prodrome phase is as-
- Change in the mood (Irritation, Depression)
- Feeling thirsty
- Increased urination
- Loss of appetite
- Food Craving
2. Aura-Aura is the phase when people feel problems because of light and sound. Due to light and sound distractions, people start feeling headache on one side of the head. Symptoms of Aura Phase is as-
- Pain on one side of the Head.
- Vision loss
- Difficult in speaking
3.A headache – In this phase, people feel intense pain on one side of the head but in some cases, it appears in both sides. It may last from 4 hrs to 72 hrs. Symptoms of Headache phase is as –
- Pain on one side or both side of the head.
- Pounding pain.
- Vision problems.
4. A headache termination – If a migraine is not treated, the pain usually goes away with proper sleep.
5. Postdrome – In this phase, people feel other symptoms like –
- Inability to eat.
- Concentration problems.
- The sensitivity of light and sound.
FACTORS OR TRIGGER OF A MIGRAINE
There are many triggers which increase the chance of migraines are as –
1. Foods – There are foods which may trigger a migraine are as follows -Processed and packed foods, aged cheeses, skipping meals, sweeteners, preservatives (monosodium glutamate).
2. Drink – Alcohol and highly caffeinated beverages may trigger a migraine.
3. Stress – Mental stress can cause a migraine.
4. Medications – Oral contraceptive and vasodilator can cause a migraine.
RISK FACTORS –
There are many risk factors of a Migraine –
- Family History – If anyone in your family has a migraine, then there is a good chance of a migraine to you also.
- Sex – According to National Foundation Headache women are more prone to a Migraine than men. It is found that a migraine in women is three times higher than men.
- Hormonal Changes – It is more often after the onset of the menstrual cycle in women. During pregnancy due to hormonal changes, there is a chance of getting the migraine.
MIGRAINE TREATMENT –
You have learned that a migraine can be trigger with some of the factors like – stress, food habits as well as with your lifestyle and diet style. It means it can be controlled or manage if you have control over it.
A migraine cannot be the cure but it can be managed. With the treatment signs and symptoms of migraine can be reduced.
There are many ways to manage your migraine at your home. These are as follows –
- Stress Management – Mental Stress is one of the causes of a migraine so if you wanted to get rid off then manage your stress. Involve in play or social activity or yoga or anything which you like most to reduce stress.
- Avoid the Migraine triggers- There are foods which act as a trigger for a migraine like – packed foods, foods with preservative, alcohol and caffeinated beverages etc….so try to avoid these foods.
- Yoga and Exercise – Do Yoga and exercise on regular basis to get relief from a migraine as yoga and migraine are very helpful.
- Lie down in a dark and silent place to get relax as you have learned that a migraine is very sensitive to light and sound. So you will feel relax while lying down in a dark and silent place.
- Do regular massage to your scalp.
- If required then take the counseling for a migraine.
- Get sound sleep.
- Use NSAID (Non-Steroid anti-inflammatory drugs) if it is required. Excessive use of NSAID cause many problems like Gastritis, Liver or Kidney problems.
Dos and Don’ts For a Migraine
- Lie down in a quiet, cool and dark room.
- Try to relax through meditation or listening to music.
- Protect your eyes from direct sunlight.
- Reduce noise and other stimuli.
- Wrap a cold pack and place it against the pain site or the back of your neck for up to ten minutes. Wait twenty minutes and then repeat if desired.
- Massage the muscles along the shoulders, neck, and back of the skull.
- Brushing your scalp lightly with a soft hairbrush, that can provide additional relief.
- Do not consume migraine trigger foods like – caffeine-containing beverages, alcoholic beverages, aged cheese, chocolate etc…
- Do not get exposed to environmental triggers like -loud noise, bright/flickering light, strong smell.
- Make yourself free from stress.
- Avoid or limit smoking.
- Do not read or watch television during a migraine attack.
- Do not sleep more or less than usual.
Now you become aware of a migraine, signs, and symptoms of migraine and the factors which trigger a migraine. So if you find any problem related to this then you should speak to the consultant to get the advice or treatment of a migraine. As it causes intense and pounding pain in the head.