Tooth extraction is the removal of a tooth from its socket in the jaw bone. It is usually done because of disease, trauma or crowding. Before the tooth extraction, every effort should be made to repair or restore the tooth. But sometimes tooth extraction becomes necessary. After tooth extraction, you should know what are the things to do after tooth extraction and what not to do?.
After reading this article you will have the answers to your all doubts or questions related to tooth extraction. This article contains the following points-
- What is tooth extraction?
- What are the types of tooth extraction?
- Reason for the tooth extraction
- What is the thing to do after tooth extraction?
- What are things to avoid after tooth extraction?
- Complications related to tooth extraction
Types of Tooth extraction
- Simple Extraction-It is performed on teeth which are easily visible in the mouth and are usually done under local anesthetic
- Surgical Extraction-It is performed on teeth which are not visibly seen or reached in the mouth because they are either broken off at the gum line or are not fully erupted It is done under local or general anesthetic
Reason for Tooth extraction
There are several reasons for extracting a tooth. These include:
- Severe Tooth Damage/Trauma: Sometimes teeth have such extensive decay and damage (broken or cracked) that their repair is not possible. In such cases, tooth extraction is the only solution.
- Orthodontic Treatment: It helps to make space in the mouth for teeth that are too large or to make needed space needed to improve teeth alignment.
- Gum disease: Infection of gums or bone that surrounds teeth leads to loosening of the teeth and thus, it is necessary to remove the teeth
- Radiation: Head and neck radiation therapy may require the extraction of teeth in the field of radiation in order to avoid possible complications, such as infection.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy weakens the immune system, increasing the risk of teeth infections, Increases the risk of extraction.
- Organ Transplant: Immunosuppressive medications prescribed after organ transplantation might increase tooth infection.
- Infections: Some infections may lead to other problems if it enters the blood, such as endocarditis (heart infection)
- Wisdom tooth extraction: Wisdom tooth is third molar teeth that are fully developed in the adolescent. One of the main reason to remove wisdom teeth is that there is no room in the mouth to grow.
Read also – Top 10 Home Remedies For Toothache
Things to do After Tooth Extraction
- Start taking a painkiller such as Ibuprofen or diclofenac as soon after extraction in consultation with the dentist
- The dentist may recommend one to bite gently on a piece of a dry, sterile gauze, which must be kept in place for up to 30-40 minutes to limit bleeding
- After 24 hrs, a teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water must be gently rinsed around the socket twice a day that can help to clean and heal the area
- While taking rest to prop your head up with the pillow
- Eat soft foods, such as soup, pudding, yogurt, on the day after the extraction
- Apply ice bag after extraction to reduce swelling
- Take prescribed antibiotics on time to prevent infections
The thing to avoid after Tooth Extraction
- Avoid hot food and drinks
- Do not rinse area for the first 24hrs, give time to heal the socket
- Do not eat hard from that side of the extracted tooth, it may dislodge the blood clot
- Avoid alcohol for at least 24 hours, as it may delay healing
- Do not brush on gums, use OTC mouth rinse
- Avoid smoking as long as possible because it may lead to bleeding
- Keep your tongue and fingers away from the extraction area
- Dry socket- When blood doesn’t clot in the socket to protect the bone and nerves underneath it, exposing it to air and food and further leading to pain and infection. Typically it appears two to five days after the extraction and can cause bad odor or taste.
- Accidental damage to an adjacent tooth
- Incomplete extraction may cause further complications
- Alignment problems associated with chewing ability or jaw joint function
- In older people mostly extraction leads to fractured jaw
- After extraction, you may be at risk of developing an infection
- Nerve injury
Procedure to remove the tooth
- Before a tooth is removed, the dentist will examine your medical and dental history and take the appropriate X-rays
- X-rays reveal the length, shape, and position of the tooth and the surrounding bone
- The area around the teeth is numbed (anesthetized) before extraction
- For a simple extraction, once the area is anesthetized, the tooth is loosened with the help of a tool called an elevator, then the tooth is removed with the dental forceps
When the dentist is done with extraction, they may choose to close the area with a stitch
Read also – What is Inflammation of Gums (Gingivitis)
Call your dentist or oral surgeon if:
- The swelling gets worse
- If you experience chills or redness
- If you have trouble in swallowing food
- The extraction area becomes very painful may indicate that you have developed a dry socket
- If the extracted tooth area continues to ooze or bleed after the first 24 hours